11. JAPY FRERES: HISTORY + MARKING, YEAR.
Édouard Louis Frédéric Japy
Japy freres was founded 1n 1806 by Frédéric with his sons Pierre (finances/ commerce), Fritz and
Louis (technicality, machine design)
Today JAPY FRERES watches and clocks are still around because of the devellopment by industrializion the
watch manufacturing industry.
(they produced many watches and clocks, estimated in the millions during a good 150 years)
Frédéric Japy (1749-1812) was a pioneer in the "art"of industrialization of manufacturing, not only clocks,
but of manufacturing in general.
Watches were made by hand, by one or more people and then assembled.
Like Ford did with cars, starting production lines for cars, at one place concentrated, Japy did
the same around 1770-1812 by manufacturing pocketwatches and clocks in basic production lines
at one place concentrated at Beaucourt (his native town) in France.
In very short time the produktion was more then double the usual way.
(The "golden age" to the japy freres dynasty was during the 1850-1930 years, by manufacturing
watches that the "common man" could buy)
He also created the machines or modified machines to do this.
Because of production amount/ speed and lower prices Japy freres got many contracts by different army's to
deliver watches and clocks.
He gave birth to the new standard for production: in his case this ment: watches, clocks, and later on
and other things.
Later on his idea and interpretation of production lines became the industrial standard, as good as world
After his death in 1812 the factory went through his family untill the late 1930's, and ended there, as far it
concerned watch manufacturing.
Japy Factory in Beaucourt
Edouard Louis Frédéric Japy 1749-1812
Watch factory Japy Freres, Beaucourt 1823
Pierre Japy 1777-1863 and his wife Frederic Guillaume Japy 1774-1854
Caroline Cuvier 1786-1866
Adolphe Japy 1813-1897 Henri Japy 1848-1935
Japy Freres & Cie. / Goe Med D'Honneur
(with medal and crown)
Small Watches, watch movements; Beaucourt.